Experts

RICHNESS OF PUNJAB FARMERS: MISCONCEPTIONS AND REALITY

IT ARGUED THAT THESE FARMERS ARE RICH WHO BEENFIT FROM MSP

R

ecently enacted three farm sector laws have brought farmers at the center stage and a strong debate is going on the impact of such laws on farmers’ income and livelihood. The proponents of free market economy favor these laws with the argument that the laws will unshackle the APMC dominated market regulation and will help better price realization by increasing market competition. Majority of the farmers don’t buy this argument and vehemently oppose these laws. It has led to very strong protests of farmers in North India.

A perception is being created that protests are an effort to protect the MSP and its beneficiaries who are only 6% of the total farmers of the country and largely belong Punjab, Haryana and Western Uttar Pradesh. It is being argued that these farmers are rich farmers who benefit from MSP and assured procurement and are depriving their poor brethren from other states of the benefits of market efficiency likely to be brought by these laws.

DO THESE FARMERS DO NOT NEED PRICE ASSURANCE ?

The question is: are these farmers so rich that they do not need any price assurance and government support? According to NABARD Survey of 2016-17, an average farming household in Punjab earns Rs 23133 and that in Haryana Rs 18496 per month. Per capita monthly income of these households comes out to be Rs 4449 and Rs 3490 only. Is this the sufficient level of income to term these farmers and their dependents rich? Likewise, the estimate of per capita monthly income of an average non-agricultural household in India is Rs 11,677 and that in Punjab is Rs 21900. It clearly indicates that the farmers of Punjab and Haryana are not able to earn even half of the income of a non-agricultural household in India and even 1/6 th of the income of such household in Punjab. The minimum monthly salary of a worker is Rs 18600 as per the 7 th Pay Commission. These indicators fail to confirm the so-called richness of farmers of Northern India.

The misconception of richness of farmers is also refuted by farmers’ indebtedness which increased tremendously from around Rs 50000 per household during mid-1990s to more than Rs 2 lakh per household in recent times. Further, a large number of farmers have committed suicide due to low income and high indebtedness.

Dr Ashok Dalwai, Chairman of Doubling Farmers’ Income Committee, has clearly pointed out that “by and large per-hectare real value of output increased for most crops from 2004-05 to 2013 14, but the rise in input cost was much higher than the increase in value of the output, thus lowering net income from the cultivation of most crops”. Shifting to high value crops results into higher production and marketing risks. In many crops such as potato, pea, carrot, cauliflower, etc., a small increase in production results into huge fall in prices. There is a lack of processing and post-harvest management facilities as higher incentives were provided to the adjoining states for setting up of industry. Despite majority farmers not believing that income from farming alone can help improve their livelihood, they are still stuck in farming due to lack of employment in other sectors of the economy.

NEED TO HIGHLIGHT DISMAL PERFORMANCE BY THE FARMERS

It is important to highlight dismal performance towards doubling the farmers’ incomes by 2022 in Punjab as is being pursued in the country since 2016. The real value added in Punjab agriculture has increased from Rs 79763 crore in 2016 to Rs 92802 crore in 2020, an increase of just 16% or an annual increase of just 3.78%, which is nowhere near the annual increase of 12% required for doubling by 2022.

Even at nominal prices, the annual increase is only 9%. At such a slow pace, the real value added will approximately be Rs 1 lakh crore, instead of surpassing Rs 1.5 lakh crore in case of doubling.

RICHNESS OF PUNJAB FARMERS IS A MISCONCEPTION

The richness of Punjab farmers is a misconception. The financial position of marginal and small farmers is even worse as they struggle to meet their subsistence consumption requirements. The farm sector laws may further deteriorate farmers’ income and may pull majority of the marginal and small farmerstowards poverty. In Bihar, where the APMC markets are absent, the gap between prevalent prices and the MSP has widened after the abolition of APMC era, and in recent times is almost 30% lower for paddy and 10% lower for wheat.

Such trends are highly likely to spread in future to the food bowl of India and will hit their farmers hard. With current levels of production, Punjab farmers may lose Rs 13,150 crore annually and this will deplete almost half of their current income. In this case, marginal and small farmers in the state will become completely unviable and may be forced to leave agriculture, further worsening the distress situation in rural areas.

POLICY MAKERS SHOULD ACCEPT THAT FARMERS ARE VULNERABLE

In nutshell, the policy makers should accept that situation of all the Indian farmers is highly vulnerable and majority are struggling to survive with their already meagre incomes. The farmers of Punjab and Haryana are also no exception to this. Farmers cannot be categorized into rich and poor farmers as all of them need significant improvement in their income. Farm laws appear to be regressive in nature. Income of the farmers who receive MSP is likely to decline under these laws. Policies need to be progressive, ensuring better prices of the agricultural produce in other regions of the country in order to enhance their income and bring them at par with the farmers of Punjab and Haryana rather than creating a situation where relatively better off farmers suffer the income loss and plunge into poverty.

It requires region specific policy measures properly addressing the agro-ecological variations, strengthening of market infrastructure aligned with desired crop pattern, better remuneration for farmers’ produce, aggregation to increase bargaining power, skill development and generation of non-farm employment. All these measures require an active role and resources of the public sector. It will require a long-term commitment and will surely help in enhancing farmers’ livelihood.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Punjab agricultural university vice chancellor Baldev Singh Dhillon was conferred Padma Shri Award in 2019 in recognition of his work in the field of maize breeding and plant genetic resources. Before joining PAU he worked with Indian council for agriculture research (ICAR), University of Hoheneim, Stuttgart in Germany, University of Birmingham, England and International maize and wheat improvement centre, Mexico. University registrar Rajinder Singh Sidhu is co-author for the paper.

Related Articles

623 Comments

  1. Magnificent items from you, man. I have take note your stuff prior to and you’re just extremely excellent.
    I really like what you’ve acquired here, certainly like what you are saying and the best way wherein you assert it.
    You make it entertaining and you continue to take care
    of to stay it wise. I can not wait to learn much more from you.
    This is really a tremendous website.

  2. Youre so cool! I dont suppose Ive read something like this before. So nice to search out someone with some authentic thoughts on this subject. realy thanks for beginning this up. this web site is something that is needed on the internet, somebody with a bit originality. helpful job for bringing one thing new to the internet!

  3. I keep listening to the news talk about receiving free online grant applications so I have been looking around for the finest site to get one. Could you advise me please, where could i find some? Lenee Tracie Jemmy

  4. Hello! I’ve been reading your site for some time now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from Humble Texas! Just wanted to tell you keep up the good job!

  5. Takipçi satın almak sadece gelir elde etmek isteyen kişilerin değil hesaplarındaki takipçi sayısını
    yükselterek popüler bir profil oluşturmak isteyen kullanıcılarında tercih ettikleri
    bir yöntemdir
    . Instagram fenomeni olmak için İnstagram takipçi sayınızı
    megatakip adresi ile güvenilir sekilde takipci alabilirsiniz

  6. I have to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in penning this website.
    I really hope to see the same high-grade blog posts from you later on as well.
    In truth, your creative writing abilities has inspired me to get my own, personal site now 😉

  7. SKincell Pro is well known by the individuals who utilized
    it as a suitable skin fixor. The serum includes the very same ingredients as
    a lot of the various other moles eliminating creams on the market today, however it adds greater than many of them.
    The serum also improves your skin structure as well as offers
    even-toned skin. The ingredients, the product has are all
    natural components which are secure for your skin. https://listfav.com/story9267387/how-long-does-it-take-for-skincell-pro-to-work

  8. Hi there! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting sick and tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform. I would be fantastic if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  9. Türkiyenin en iyi markası olan şampuanlar ile bir adım önde giden hc
    careye bir de a href=”https://www.lekekremim.com/”>leke kremi satışı eklenmiştir.
    Cilt lekeleri doğum lekeleri gibi
    bir çok lekelere karşı kesin çözüm sunmaktadır en iyi leke kremi sitesi lekekremim.com dan leke kremi satın alabilirsiniz

  10. Türkiye’nin önde giden web sitelerinden olan Hc care
    ile lekelere cilt lekelerinize karşı önlemler alabilir ve cilt lekelerinize
    son verebilirsiniz Leke Kremi satışı eklenmiştir.

    Cilt lekeleri doğum lekeleri gibi
    bir çok lekelere karşı kesin çözüm sunmaktadır en iyi leke kremi sitesi Hc care dan leke kremi
    satın alabilirsiniz

  11. Thank you for some other informative site. The place else could I get that
    kind of information written in such an ideal manner?
    I’ve a undertaking that I’m just now working on, and I have
    been at the look out for such information.

  12. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get three emails
    with the same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from that
    service? Cheers!

  13. I’ve been browsing on-line more than 3 hours these days, but I by no means found any fascinating article like yours.

    It’s beautiful worth sufficient for me. In my opinion, if all webmasters and bloggers made just right content material as you did, the net
    might be much more helpful than ever before.

  14. I’ve been browsing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never
    found any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for me.
    In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content
    as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever
    before.

  15. Thank you for some other informative web site.
    Where else may just I am getting that type of information written in such an ideal means?

    I have a undertaking that I’m simply now operating on, and I have been on the look out
    for such information.

  16. The road seemed to stretch on endlessly before us, but Alexis assured me that our journey was near an end. We’d turn before long into thick woods and travel through narrow, winding roads until we reached her family’s cabin. I had no choice but to trust her as GPS had given out nearly 20 minutes ago.

    “There’s good wifi and okay reception at the cabin,” she’d told me, “but you can’t get there unless you know the way.”

    So here I was, driving alone in the middle of god knows where with a girl who was my student just a couple of weeks ago. Her and her four best friends had been together from first grade all the way through high school and now they had graduated with very different futures ahead of them. They had decided to kick off “the best summer ever” with a week long stay at Alexis’s family cabin. Alexis and I were heading up before everyone else, the four other girls and four guys.

  17. Hey there! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers?
    My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended
    up losing months of hard work due to no data backup. Do you have
    any solutions to protect against hackers?

  18. Right now it sounds like Expression Engine is the best blogging platform out there right now.
    (from what I’ve read) Is that what you’re using on your blog?

  19. İnstagram kullanıcıları daha aktif ve etkin olmasını istiyorsanız takipçi sayınızı
    belirli bir düzeye ulaştırmalısınız.

    Bunun kendi imkanlarınızla kısa sürelerde hallediyor olmanız neredeyse imkansızdır.

    İnstagram takipçi satın al hizmeti ile hesaplarınızda istediğiniz sayılarda takipçi sahibi olabilirsiniz.

    Bu alanda hizmet veren ve takipçi satışı yapan platformları kullanabilirsiniz.

    Takip 2018
    Instagram Takipçi Satın Al
    hizmetleriyle aktif bir şekilde takipçi hizmeti veriyor

  20. With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright infringement?
    My site has a lot of exclusive content I’ve either
    created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot
    of it is popping it up all over the web without my permission. Do you know
    any solutions to help reduce content from being stolen? I’d certainly
    appreciate it.

  21. The road seemed to stretch on endlessly before us, but Alexis assured me that our journey was near an end. We’d turn before long into thick woods and travel through narrow, winding roads until we reached her family’s cabin. I had no choice but to trust her as GPS had given out nearly 20 minutes ago.

    “There’s good wifi and okay reception at the cabin,” she’d told me, “but you can’t get there unless you know the way.”
    https://PoiunmklbvcasdTrewq2345916.jimdofree.com/
    So here I was, driving alone in the middle of god knows where with a girl who was my student just a couple of weeks ago. Her and her four best friends had been together from first grade all the way through high school and now they had graduated with very different futures ahead of them. They had decided to kick off “the best summer ever” with a week long stay at Alexis’s family cabin. Alexis and I were heading up before everyone else, the four other girls and four guys.

  22. Wonderful work! This is the type of info that are supposed to be shared across the net.
    Disgrace on Google for not positioning this submit higher!
    Come on over and discuss with my web site .
    Thank you =)

  23. I’d have to examine with you here. Which is not one thing I usually do! I take pleasure in reading a post that may make folks think. Additionally, thanks for permitting me to comment!

  24. The road seemed to stretch on endlessly before us, but Alexis assured me that our journey was near an end. We’d turn before long into thick woods and travel through narrow, winding roads until we reached her family’s cabin. I had no choice but to trust her as GPS had given out nearly 20 minutes ago.

    “There’s good wifi and okay reception at the cabin,” she’d told me, “but you can’t get there unless you know the way.”
    https://medium.com/@langworthcesvx48/ride-the-lightning-cf8fb9cf632e
    So here I was, driving alone in the middle of god knows where with a girl who was my student just a couple of weeks ago. Her and her four best friends had been together from first grade all the way through high school and now they had graduated with very different futures ahead of them. They had decided to kick off “the best summer ever” with a week long stay at Alexis’s family cabin. Alexis and I were heading up before everyone else, the four other girls and four guys.

  25. It’s the best time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I want to suggest you few interesting things or advice.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I want to read even more things about it!

  26. The road seemed to stretch on endlessly before us, but Alexis assured me that our journey was near an end. We’d turn before long into thick woods and travel through narrow, winding roads until we reached her family’s cabin. I had no choice but to trust her as GPS had given out nearly 20 minutes ago.

    “There’s good wifi and okay reception at the cabin,” she’d told me, “but you can’t get there unless you know the way.”
    https://notepin.co/shared/iwzxffw
    So here I was, driving alone in the middle of god knows where with a girl who was my student just a couple of weeks ago. Her and her four best friends had been together from first grade all the way through high school and now they had graduated with very different futures ahead of them. They had decided to kick off “the best summer ever” with a week long stay at Alexis’s family cabin. Alexis and I were heading up before everyone else, the four other girls and four guys.

  27. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and
    found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.
    I’ll appreciate if you continue this in future.
    Lots of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  28. Metin2 pvp serverler ile en eğlenceli pvp oyunları bulabileceğin Forumexe.tc üzerinden istediğin oyun modunu bul ve metin2 heyecanını limitsiz tat! Metin2 pvp server tanıtım forumu üzerinden ücretsiz serverleri incele, sana uygun olanını seçerek anında maceraya katıl!

  29. Please let me know if you’re looking for a writer for your blog.

    You have some really good articles and I think I would be a good asset.

    If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some material for your blog in exchange for a
    link back to mine. Please shoot me an e-mail if interested.
    Thank you!

  30. Hc care leke kremi

    HC Pigment-Control’ün cilt lekelerine karşı hızlı ve güçlü etkisi, Kuzey Kanada
    Bozkırları’na özgü bir tarla bitkisi olan Rumeks’ten (Tyrostat™), tabiatın yeniden canlandırma mucizesi olan Yeniden Diriliş Bitkisi’ne kadar birçok doğal ve saf aktif
    bileşene dayalıdır. Tüm bu aktif bileşenlerin, lekeler ve cilt
    yaşlanması üzerindeki etkileri in-vivo testler ve klinik
    laboratuvar çalışmalarıyla kanıtlanmıştır. Tüm cilt
    tiplerinde, leke problemlerini giderme ve önlemede, cilt tonu eşitsizliğinde, cilt aydınlatmasında, nem ihtiyacı olan ciltlerde güvenle
    kullanılabilir.
    En iyi leke kremi

  31. Türk takipçiler ile istediğiniz platform üzerinden gerçek organik hayran kazanın! Instagram türk takipçi, türk beğeni ve türk yorum hizmetleriyle en güncel araçlarımızı tamamıyla parolasız ve güvenli şekilde temin edin!

  32. Instagram takipçi satın alma sitesi güncel instagram beğeni satın alma şifresiz instagram takipçi satın al türk instagram takipçi satın alma bedava instagram takipçi satın alma hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi faturalı instagram takipçi satın al bayan instagram takipçi satın al gerçek instagram takipçi satın al orijinal instagram takipçi satın al 10 k instagram takipçi satın al sınırsız instagram takipçi satın al limitsiz.

  33. Instagram takipçi satın hilesi sitesi güncel instagram beğeni satın hilesi şifresiz instagram takipçi satın al türk instagram takipçi satın alma bedava instagram takipçi satın alma hilesi instagram takipçi hilesi faturalı instagram takipçi satın al bayan instagram takipçi satın al gerçek instagram takipçi satın al orijinal instagram takipçi satın al 10 k instagram takipçi satın al sınırsız instagram takipçi satın al limitsiz.

  34. Instagram takipçi satın al ucuz Instagram takipçi satın al türk Instagram takipçi satın al aktif Instagram takipçi satın al gerçek Instagram takipçi satın al organik Instagram takipçi satın al yabancı Instagram takipçi satın al bot Instagram takipçi satın al hızlı Instagram takipçi satın al şifresiz Instagram takipçi satın al yükle!

  35. Instagram Beğeni Almak Güvenlimi? Takipçi ve Beğeni İşlemleri Size Neler Kazandırır

    instagram beğeni satın al işlemi son derece
    kolaydır. Beğeni almak, kişilerin erişimini daha çok arttırmaktadır.
    Kişileri takip etmek, beğenmek ve sürekli etken olmak İnstagram hesabınızın tanıtımını yapabileceğiniz en kolay
    yollardan biridir. sadece takipçi beklemek genel hatlarıyla uzun süren bir durumdur.
    Bundan dolayı kişiler, İnstagram için takipçi ve beğeni satın alabilirler.

    Takipçi ve Beğeni Satın Almanın Yararları nelerdir?

    Şüphesiz Instagram takipçi yada beğeni almanın faydaları oldukça fazladır, Özellikle şirketler, butikler, yani internet üzerinden satış
    yapmak isteyen her işletme için lazım olan
    günümüzün kaçınılmaz bir faydası olmaktadır.
    Kişiler bu sayede zahmetsiz bir halde, hesaplarını daha büyük bir hale getirebilirler.
    Takipçi ve beğeni satın almanın faydalarından biri
    ise kişilerin herhangi bir şekilde birini burun kıvırmadan, takip etmeden kolayca bu işlemi
    yapabilmesidir. Bu satın alma işlemi sayesinde kişiler hiçbir şekilde uğraşmadan hesaplarını naturel bir halde büyütebilirler.
    Bu sayede kişiler takipçilerini arttırabilir ve hesaplarını
    belirli bir düzeye çekebilirler.
    http://tiny.cc/begenisatinal !
    takip2018.com ile türk ve gerçek beğeniler satın al

  36. Takipçi Satın Al Seçenekleri ile takip2018 eşsiz benzersiz
    hizmetler sunuyor.
    Şirketin hizmetlerinden faydalanarak dilediğiniz kadar takipçiye ulaşabilirsiniz, https://tiny.cc/takipcisatinal işlemi oldukça basit ve
    kısa süreçte size teslim edilmektedir.
    Yapmanız gereken tek şey Takip2018.com a sadece giriş yaparak dilediğiniz kadar takipçi isteği
    yapabilirsiniz.
    Size uygun paketi seçmeniz halinde dilediğiniz alabilir ve sadece izlersiniz.

    Benzersiz hizmet vererek size daha çeşitli paketler önerebiliyor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Close